COES researchers Emmanuelle Barozet (associate researcher), Juan Carlos Castillo (deputy director and principal researcher) and Daniel Miranda (Ph.D student) attended the XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology in Japan.
The event was held between July 13th and July 19th in Yokohama, Japan.
Barozet with her collegue Óscar Mac-Claure presented the paper “Judgments about Inequality and Economic Elite among the Middle Classes: Discontents and Sociology of Critique”.
You can read the following abstract:
This paper will present the preliminary results of an investigation on the Chilean middle class and its perception of the socioeconomic elite. The global emergence of the middle class (Banerjee & Duflo 2007, Ravallion 2009, Birdsall 2010, Kharas 2011, Franco, Hopenhayn & León 2011, Dobbs et al. 2012, Ferreira et al. 2012, López & Ortiz 2012, Oliveira 2012, Chunling 2012) has created a renewed interest in global sociology due to the rapid growth and socio-political challenges that the new middle classes pose. How do those who belong to the middle class in emergent countries feel and think in everyday life about one of the more salient expressions of world inequalities, the socioeconomic elite – i.e. “the 1%”? Emerges a perception of injustice, discontent and critique? How does that happen – or not?
We conducted a study using an experimental methodology based on games that replicate similar exercises applied by
social scientists in studies in various countries – unknown persons and dictator games. Starting with a middle-class differentiation by occupation and distinguishing by type of territory where they live and work, the simulation exercise was located in three cities of different sizes in Chile. In each city, six simulation games were conducted with participants drawn from five components of Chilean middle classes and one from manual workers. This method allows the study of feelings and perceptions that arise in simulated situations of social interaction, which could not be observed through surveys or interviews.
In this paper, we present the preliminary results, especially subjective elements that nourish and give meaning to middle classes, reproducing or challenging inequities. The paper will contribute on topics that are relevant to stratification in the context of globalization, such as different middle classes based on occupational criteria, and their feelings and perceptions of justice/injustice towards the socioeconomic elite.