Segregación Residencial de Ingresos en el Gran Santiago 1992 – 2002: Una Nueva Aproximación Metodológica

Segregación Residencial de Ingresos en el Gran Santiago 1992 – 2002: Una Nueva Aproximación Metodológica
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Segregación Residencial de Ingresos en el Gran Santiago 1992 – 2002: Una Nueva Aproximación Metodológica

Revista EURE.

2016.

Claudio Agostini, Daniel Hojman, Alonso Román, Luis Valenzuela

Abstract

Chiles economic development in recent decades has greatly impacted cities’ development and the way social inequalities are spatially reproduced in them. Therefore, an accurate measurement of urban segregation is relevant and allows designing public policies to reduce their negative effects. However, previous measurements in Chile have methodological limitations that restrict their validity and comparability. The new methodology used combines survey data with census data to estimate household income and then statistically robust indicators of residential segregation. Additionally, it develops valuation for an indicator of segregation that best captures income as a continuous variable. The findings show that segregation of the poor is greater than that of the richest and that increased between 1992 and 2002. Municipality’s contribution to Santiago’s segregation has a significant heterogeneity.

Key words

metropolitan areas, segregation, spatial distribution