The Impact of the Ouster of President Morsi on the Political-Religious Attitudes of Egyptian Citizens
(Disponible solo en inglés:) While conducting a survey in Egypt in the summer of 2013, we were interrupted by the ouster of President Morsi, but continued afterward, resulting in a unique sample set. With these data, we were able to investigate, with a quasi-experimental design, the impact of the ouster, a major turning point in the Egyptian revolution, on the attitudes of Egyptians regarding political participation, the role of religion in politics, and Islamist ideology. After the ouster, overall willingness to participate in politics, whether in form of demonstrations, voting, or strikes, declined. Regarding the role of religion in politics, participants favored less involvement of religion in politics after the ouster. The attitude towards jihadism facet of Islamist ideology changed slightly from strong disagreement to disagreement. Besides the ouster, a factor generally affecting the political attitudes was education: the more highly educated individuals were the more willingness they showed to become politically active. Another factor was the general religious orientation: the more religious individuals were the more important for them was religion for politics. However, the religious orientation had no effect on the attitude towards Islamist ideology.
At the end of January 2011, the people of Egypt stood up against a long-standing authoritarian regime and ended President Mubarak’s almost 30-year rule with the so-called 25th of January Revolution. By the beginning of July 2013, however, Mohammad Morsi, the first legitimately elected President of Egypt, had been ousted as well. That event emerged as a drastic turning point in the 25th of January Revolution: The Muslim Brotherhood, the political movement that supported Morsi, experienced a heavy crackdown; newly granted civil rights such as the freedom of the press and freedom of speech started to decline rapidly; and activists of the revolutionary youth movement, human rights activists, and similar groups came under attack again. When general Al-Sisi became president in 2014, the revolution had changed its face back to that of a militarily dominated government whose democratic ambitions remain unclear.
Sadowski, F., Carvacho, H., & Zick, A. (2017). The impact of the ouster of President Morsi on the political-religious attitudes of Egyptian citizens. En: Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 23(2), 174-178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pac0000235