Youth and Protest: Predictors of protesting in Chilean young people and the effect of discrimination grievance
The aim of this dissertation centres on finding new empirical evidence of factors that determine the possibility to protest of young people in Chile, specifically considering the effect of discrimination grievance. Using National Survey of Youth 2012 through logistic regressions, the author concludes that people with discrimination grievance are more likely to protest than people without discrimination; according to this, people who feel discriminated against develop a specific grievance, which is shared
by a group, politicising their collective identities through a sequence of protests, reinforcing their values and defending their interest.
Additionally, the author analyses the effect of three groups of factors influencing the likelihood of participation in protest. Related to this, the most important predictor of protest participation is membership in voluntary (political) organizations: voluntary organizations forge ties between individuals, facilitating recruitment into protest.
Additionally, it is important to remark upon the influence of variables referred to political engagement. In other words, Chilean young people are more likely to protest when they talk about politics, have interest in politics, identify with some political tendency and they are dissatisfied with the democracy.
On the other hand, regarding biographical availability approach, it is possible to indicate a significant and negative effects of age, being married and having children; meanwhile student status is the only variable with a stronger and positive impact.
Findings suggest that Chilean young protestors are more strongly engaged in politics; contrary to the predominant idea that young people are politically apathetic. It shows a new type of citizen, which favours non-conventional ways of participation in order to express their opinions.
A dissertation submitted to The University of Manchester for the degree of Master of Science in the Faculty of Humanities, The University of Manchester.
Acevedo, J. (2016). Youth and Protest: Predictors of protesting in Chilean young people and the effect of discrimination grievance. Thesis for the degree of Master of Science in the Faculty of Humanities, The University of Manchester, Manchester.